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) is a city in the Hijaz Tihamah region on the coast of the Red Sea and is the major urban center of western Saudi Arabia.

The city of Jeddah was an important port during Nabataeans frankincense trade .

The oldest Mashrabiya was found in jeddah dates back to pre Islamic era .

In the 969 AD, the Fatimids from Algeria took control in Egypt from the Ikhshidid dynasty and expanded their empire to the surrounding regions, including The Hijaz and Jeddah.

The Fatimids developed an extensive trade network in both the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean through the Red Sea.

According to eastern folk belief, the tomb of Eve, considered the grandmother of humanity, is located in Jeddah.

The tomb was sealed with concrete by religious authorities in 1975 due to some Muslims praying at the site.

Given the city's close proximity to the Red Sea, fishing and seafood dominates the food culture unlike other parts of the country.

The city has been labeled as "different" by the majority of Saudis in an effort to promote tourism in the city, that had been previously perceived as "most open" city in Saudi Arabia.

Their trade and diplomatic ties extended all the way to China and its Song Dynasty, which eventually determined the economic course of Tihamah during the High Middle Ages.

After Saladin's conquest of Jerusalem, in 1171 he proclaimed himself sultan of Egypt, after dissolving the Fatimid Caliphate upon the death of al-Adid, thus establishing the Ayyubid dynasty.

However, it is not historically confirmed that Jeddah it self was attacked by Qarmatians too.