Start Dating mental health problems

Dating mental health problems

We hypothesized that the ACE score/health problem relationship would be relatively “immune” to secular influences, in support of recent studies documenting the negative neurobiologic effects of childhood stressors on the developing brain.

They concluded there are no mental health benefits associated with abortion but there is small to moderate increased risk of substance use and suicidal behaviors following abortion.

They argued that access to abortion should not based on a pretense of psychological benefits, but rather on the social, economic, and educational needs of women and their immediate families.

We used logistic regression to examine the relationships between ACE score and six health problems (depressed affect, suicide attempts, multiple sexual partners, sexually transmitted diseases, smoking, and alcoholism) across four successive birth cohorts: 1900–1931, 1932–1946, 1947–1961, and 1962–1978.

Growing up with ACEs increased the risk of numerous health behaviors and outcomes for 20th century birth cohorts, suggesting that the effects of ACEs on the risk of various health problems are unaffected by social or secular changes.

A 2009 review led by Gail Erlick Robinson found that studies which had been cited to support a link between abortion and mental health problems suffered from methodological flaws, including "poor sample and comparison group selection; inadequate conceptualization and control of relevant variables; poor quality and lack of clinical significance of outcome measures; inappropriateness of statistical analyses; and errors of interpretation, including misattribution of causal effects." In 2008, a team at Johns Hopkins University conducted a systematic review of the medical literature, concluding that "the best quality studies indicate no significant differences in long-term mental health between women in the United States who choose to terminate a pregnancy and those who do not." Robert Blum, the senior author of the study, stated: "The best research does not support the existence of a 'post-abortion syndrome' similar to post-traumatic stress disorder." The researchers further reported that "...

studies with the most flawed methodology consistently found negative mental health consequences of abortion", and they wrote: "Scientists are still conducting research to answer politically motivated questions." In 2008 American Psychological Association (APA) Task Force on Mental Health and Abortion published a major review of the literature on abortion and mental health.

They concluded that "it is clear that some women do experience sadness, grief, and feelings of loss following termination of a pregnancy, and some experience clinically significant disorders, including depression and anxiety." But giving birth to an unplanned pregnancy may also be stressful.

Examining the evidence comparing these two options, the Task Forced concluded that the risk of mental health problems following a single, first-trimester induced abortion of an adult women is no greater than carrying an unwanted pregnancy to term. [and] various personality traits (e.g., low self-esteem, a pessimistic outlook, low-perceived control over life) and a history of mental health problems prior to the pregnancy."(p11) Since these and other risk factors may also predispose some women to more negative reactions following a birth.

The review, conducted by the National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health and funded by the British Department of Health, examined three questions: In reviewing studies relevant to the first question, the NCCMH concluded that there were too many limitations on most studies to confidently profile the prevalence rates, but that studies controlling for prior mental health reported lower rates of mental health problems following abortion compared to studies that did not control for prior mental health.(p64) In regard to the factors that predict poor mental health outcomes following an abortion, the NCCMH concluded that pre-existing mental health problems are the most reliable predictor of mental health problems following an abortion.

A number of other risk factors were identified in the literature, but these had not been as consistently measured as prior mental health, and many of these may overlap with the risk factors associated with live birth.

Various factors, such as emotional attachment to the pregnancy, lack of support, and conservative views on abortion, may increase the likelihood of experiencing negative reactions.